new Delhi: 9 states of India are facing floods at this time. The situation is worst in Bihar and Assam. But this situation has not happened for the first time but the failure of the system has failed to stop this flood for the last 73 years. Today we will try to understand why flood has become an annual problem of India?
One of the most influential and great litterateurs in Hindi is Phaneshwar Nath ‘Renu’. Phanishwar Nath Renu was born in Bihar and in the year 1948, on 26 January one of his works was published in the weekly Patra – Janata. The title of this work is- Dion Kosi. He wrote this composition in the form of reporting and he described the flood and damage caused by the Kosi river in Bihar every year. Every year the floods in the Kosi river are part of many famous stories of Phanishwar Nath ‘Renu’. How does this flood ruin the lives of the people of Bihar. Phanishwar Nath ‘Renu’ understood this agony 73 years ago. But the sad thing is that the people of Bihar who are planning to build four smart cities have not been able to get relief from floods even today.
Phanishwar Nath ‘Renu’ mentioned floods 73 years ago
In the last 73 years, floods submerge most of the areas of Bihar every year, roads in cities like the capital Patna get submerged in water. Their houses and fields are snatched from the poor. But the pictures do not change. Phanishwar Nath is the most famous novel of ‘Renu’ – Maila Aanchal. The novel also mentions the government’s plan to build a dam on the Kosi river and the land of the farmers’ lands to be taken away during this time. In which a farmer who has lost everything, while telling his grief, says that the government has tied Kosi Maia. But who will bind our endurance?
By reading this novel by Phanishwar Nath Renu, it shows how big the tragedy of Bihar is for the people of Bihar.
That is, this farmer says that after losing everything, he now performs unemployment throughout the year. Khanjari plays a kind of instrument and Phataknath Girdhari is living in a poor state.
All these things were written by a writer many decades ago in his novel. But even today the situation has not changed and people in those states of the country are still living in such a poor and poor state after losing everything, where flood has become an annual problem.
9 states in the grip of flood
At this time not only Bihar but 9 states of the country are in the grip of floods. Of these, the worst situation is in Bihar and Assam, while in many states like Gujarat, Maharashtra, Kerala, Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh, the situation is gradually deteriorating.
There are 8 districts of Bihar where floods have caused problems and displacement for the people. In these 8 districts, more than 4 lakh people are currently in a lot of trouble due to floods. The Meteorological Department has issued an alert that the situation may be worse in Darbhanga, Sitamarhi, East Champaran, West Champaran and Vaishali.
Bihar worst hit by floods
Bihar is the state of India that is most affected by floods. More than 76 percent of Bihar’s population lives in such areas. Wherever there may be floods. The borders of Nepal and Bihar are interlinked and when there is heavy rainfall in the mountainous regions of eastern Nepal, the water flows from the mountains to rivers like Narayani Gandak, Bagmati and Kosi and the water level of these rivers starts increasing rapidly. . Over 3 thousand embankments have been built in Bihar in the last few decades, so that the water of these rivers does not become a problem for the people living nearby. These embankments are sometimes called Pushta. These books are made in such a way that even after increasing the level of water in the rivers, the water does not come out in large quantities. But it is surprising that in spite of all this, the incidents of floods in Bihar have increased by two and a half times.
The eight rivers that form the biggest cause of this flood in North Bihar are Ghaghra, Gandak, Budhi Gandak, Kamla, Bagmati, Bhutahi Balan, Kosi and Mahananda.
Experts say that many of the embankments that have been built to prevent floods in Bihar every year are not designed properly and that is why the floods in Bihar become uncontrollable every year instead of coming under control.
Kosi is called the mourning of Bihar
The Kosi river is called the mourning of Bihar. But these days there is another river that has flooded a large area of Bihar. The name of this river is Narayani Gandak. This river enters western Champaran in Bihar from Nepal. To control the water of this river, Gandak barrage has been built on the Indo-Nepal border. Which is also known as Valmiki Barrage. In which there are 36 gates which control the flow of water, 18 of these fall in India and 18 in Nepal and from these gates, more than 4 lakh 40 thousand cusecs of water has entered Bihar in the last few days.
It is also being said that due to the lockdown, Nepal did not allow the repair of 18 gates on its part to be repaired and if there is increased pressure on these gates, there may be a dam break. However, engineers of India have now started repairing this dam.
We don’t know how to face floods
Whether or not any country will be able to withstand floods, it shows what is the reaction time of any country for natural calamities like floods. What techniques are used to deal with natural disasters in that country and how soon does that country’s system learn from its mistakes? We have to say with great sadness that India’s system is a champion in paying rituals in the name of flood, but we do not know how to deal with flood effectively.
In India, when the flood waters enter the village and submerge people’s homes, the administration wakes up from a deep sleep. After this, the officers evacuate the villages. Claims are made to bring flood victims to safer places.
Many times it happens that people keep waiting for the administration and they cannot even get food.
Aerial survey begins after flood
After this the aerial survey of the leaders starts, if the flood water is so high that you can drown in it, then our leaders give priority to the aerial survey. Sitting in a helicopter, inspect flood affected areas. Food packets are dropped by helicopters to flood victims.
But if the water is up to the knees, the leaders sometimes go out on foot to observe floods, and after being photographed, then return to their comfortable homes and offices.
But there are many countries in the world who have learned to face disasters and save their people from it. You can understand this with the example of the Netherlands.
We should learn from the netherlands
There was a time when 66 percent of the Netherlands area was affected by floods but now it is not because the Netherlands adopted a different approach to deal with floods and that thinking says learn to live with water, do not fight it. With this thinking, the Netherlands settled the people living on the banks of the rivers in safe places. At the same time, the banks of the rivers were widened so that there is no loss even in the event of flood. The Netherlands built colonies on the dams built on the rivers and also built houses that could float when flooded.
However, the example of the Netherlands cannot be applied in India because there is a difference of ground and sky in the situation here and there. But it can be learned from this example that if tried, the greatest natural disaster can be countered and the flood can be prevented from becoming an annual disaster.
Above we had mentioned to you the litterateur Phanishwar Nath ‘Renu’ and told how the floods coming to Bihar every year have been central to many of his stories. In the 1950s, while the dam was being built on the Kosi river, Phanishwar Nath ‘Renu’ wrote a famous novel Parati Parichaatha on the attempt to cultivate the Kosi river. Which means the story of a wasteland. The novel ends with the staging of a play. In one scene, the dam being built on Kosi is described. But sadly, even after 7 decades, India has failed to handle most of its rivers.